From the first apes to the first cities

The end product of five years of research, Humans: from the beginning is a single-volume guide to the human past. Drawing upon expert literature and the latest multi-disciplinary research, this rigorous but accessible book traces the whole of the human story from the first apes to the first cities. The Kindle edition has been planned from the ground up to take advantage of the eBook format and ease access to visual matter, references and glossary items.


Following its highly successful launch in 2014 as a Kindle eBook, Humans: from the beginning has been brought fully up to date for 2015 and is now available in both paperback and Kindle formats.


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What’s in the book? A contents list

Humans: from the beginning

A list of chapters with a brief summary of each:

1 A very remote period indeed  How the concept of ‘prehistory’ gradually replaced the view that God created the Earth in 4004 BC.
2 The rise and fall of the Planet of the Apes Early apes and the story of the so-called Missing Link.
3 Down from the trees Four legs good, two legs better.
4 The Southern Apes ‘Lucy’ and her cousins.
5 Becoming Human The appearance of the first human species, Homo habilis.
6 The first Diaspora – or was it? – Was Homo erectus really the first human species to leave Africa or did the so-called Hobbit people beat them to it?
7 The Archaics Who were the first large-brained humans and how ‘smart’ were they?
8 The Other People Our unfairly maligned cousins, the Neanderthals; and the enigmatic Denisovans.
9 Enter Homo sapiens  Modern humans take centre stage.
10 The long African dawn For much of our career, our species did not leave Africa and faced drought, super-volcanoes and other perils.
11 The making of the modern mind A review of the many theories on how modern human behaviour emerged.
12 Going global A small group of modern humans leaves Africa to begin a journey that will eventually populate the rest of the world.
13 Two waves – two waves of modern human migrants reached the Far East; the first wave encountered Denisovans and possibly other archaic humans.
14 An inaccessible peninsula Art of astonishing refinement flourishes during the grim battle for survival in Ice Age Europe.
15 The final frontier The settling of the New World: were the Clovis people really the first Americans?
16 Humanity in the dock Who or what was responsible the mass extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene? Homo sapiens is prime suspect.
17 Feed the world As the ice melts, so a fundamentally new way of life emerges in many parts of the world.
18 Assembling the package Agriculture emerges in a piecemeal fashion in Southwest Asia, leading to the construction of the world’s first ‘temple’ at Göbekli Tepe and the huge beehive-like settlement of Çatalhöyük.
19 Waves and lurches Farmers encounter hunter-gatherers in Europe. Who came out on top?
20 Spreading the word Were the languages spoken by much of the world’s population spread by Neolithic farmers?
21 A continent divided Agriculture in Africa and the Bantu expansion.
22 Of rice and men The story of the world’s most successful grain crop.
23 Out of Taiwan The astonishing boat-borne migration of the Polynesians.
24 Limited options and tilted axes Why was agriculture such a late development in the New World?
25 The Urban Revolution States and cities – how taxation became as inevitable as death.
26 Early adopters in Mesopotamia and Egypt The rise of kings and pharaohs.
27 An enigmatic civilisation Largely unknown today, the Indus Valley hosted one of the world’s first state-level societies.
28 Interesting times Separating fact from legend in Predynastic and early Dynastic China.
29 Mexican superpowers Expansive states in Mesoamerica.
30 The Maya The ancient roots of the New World’s best-known civilisation.
31 Before the Inca Early civilisations of South America.
32 Humans: the future Will our technology make or break us as a species? Where do humans go from here?
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